Do you know bonding acrylic is a simple and straightforward process of making complex shapes?
Yes, that’s a fact – but only if you’ve mastered the technique.
Today’s guide focuses on acrylic bonding techniques and procedures.
Here, I will discuss benefits, disadvantages, procedures as well as some of its common applications in different industries.
By the end of this guide, you’ll be an expert in acrylic bonding.
What is Bonding Acrylic?
Well, the definition or description of this particular process is wide-ranging, of course depending on the procedure and bonding material.
That notwithstanding, I will try to make it as simple as possible for a better understanding of what it entails.
So in other words, acrylic bonding refers to a technique which allows you to join different pieces of polymer materials.
This technique involves a wide range of materials and usually take place in different environmental conditions depending on the specific method.
What happens in bonding acrylic is that you apply the particular bonding substrate on both ends of the different pieces you want to join.
So it is this substrate that temporarily softens and dissolves the surfaces of the materials thus leading to bonding.
As you will come to learn later on in this guide, bonding acrylic is more or less of a chemical process than a physical one.
In most instances, you’ll find out that bonding of acrylic sheets is considered as joining rather than gluing it.
The reason for this is fairly simple; for you to connect acrylic sheeting, you have to place the adhesive substrate along the surfaces’ joint.
Acrylic CD rack
This is critical since it makes it possible to guarantee a relatively durable finish.
So before we move on and learn more about the acrylic bonding process, let’s first find out some of its benefits as well as its shortcomings.
Benefits of Bonding Acrylic
When you choose to undertake this particular fabrication technique for your plastic products, it means there is something beneficial you’ll obtain.
Bonding acrylic – Photo courtesy: Brilliant DIY
Incidentally, this is the modern technology that many people in different industries use to join their various plastic products.
It thus shows that it presents a number of advantages, which include the following;
· It is simple and inexpensive
By the way, let me tell you one thing about bonding acrylic; you do not necessarily need to read a book or attend any classes to perform this task.
You see, this process is quite simple, so simple that you as long as you have the right materials you are good to go.
Moreover, you can also watch videos from various platforms that specialize in this technique and go ahead to undertake it.
All these imply that the process itself is inexpensive which is apparently good for you.
· Provides stronger and reliable bonds
Another outstanding advantage of bonding acrylic is that it guarantees you robust and resilient bonds.
The chemical process that this technique undertakes is a guarantee that the two surfaces you’re joining will be durable.
And of course, this is important because you never need a bond that would easily break sooner or later after joining it.
The reliability is also vital because it gives you peace of mind when working with the bonded acrylic materials.
· Requires little knowledge
Just like I did mention earlier on, bonding acrylic only requires relatively less knowledge.
Okay, the thing here is that you don’t necessarily need to attend some special classes or lessons to carry out bonding acrylic.
This is something you learn as you continue doing and that’s how you perfect your art.
So this is ideal since you won’t be worried even when it comes to the actualization of a particular project.
You only need to be keen and detailed on how you carry out the whole process.
· It is fast to achieve
The mere fact that bonding acrylic requires less knowledge and is somewhat straightforward is a clear indication that it provides ideal results faster.
So the moment you choose to use this method to join acrylic sheets, you can be sure of completing the tasks as soon as possible.
Of course, this is advantageous since you won’t need to stay performing a single project especially if you have others to attend to.
Now that we have seen a number of benefits of bonding acrylic, it would also be necessary to figure out some of its shortcomings.
Drawbacks of bonding acrylic
Let’s get straightaway to the point.
Some of the disadvantages of this particular technique include the following;
Joining acrylic – Photo courtesy: ePlastics
· The potential for stress cracking
You see, in some instances, the two surfaces you’re joining could be potentially having different properties.
And also depending on the type and properties of the particular substrate you are using, it’s entirely possible for the resultant stress to cause surface cracking.
This also relates to the particular application of the product.
If it is extreme, the surface could crack.
· Needs adequate preparation
Again, you also need to know that for you to attain the best results from bonding acrylic, you have to prepare sufficiently.
Preparation, in this case, implies that you have to ensure all the materials are in place accordingly.
Additionally, you also need to make sure that the environmental setting is also ideal for undertaking the process effectively.
· Trapping in of a bonding substance in joint hence compromising part’s integrity
There are also other instances when the bonding substrate you are using for the process gets trapped in the joint surface.
In some cases, this would make the joint to somehow look unappealing particular for optical applications which require unmatched clarity.
And for that matter, the bonding substance may compromise the integrity and quality of a product in one way or the other.
· The fumes produced during the process pose a health concern
You see, bonding acrylic is a chemical process, as you will find out in the next section.
And for any chemical process, different material tends to react in various ways.
In most instances, this chemical reaction often emits fumes and other related elements.
So in a big way, such fumes can be dangerous especially to your health.
For that reason, you need to be careful and especially protect yourself appropriately from these potentially hazardous fumes.
· It can be costly if poorly undertaken
Well, as much as bonding acrylic may seem to be somewhat simple and inexpensive, there is a caveat.
You have to do it right!
Otherwise, it can end up a costly than you can ever want to imagine.
Ensure that you know what you do precisely to prevent instances of damaging sheets and wasting materials.
This can always be expensive since you’ll need to procure other materials as well as reinvest your time.
So primarily, these are the major advantages and disadvantages of bonding acrylic process which you ought to know.
But in general, this process is worth undertaking, the drawbacks notwithstanding.
In the next section, we want to look at the essential steps in undertaking the acrylic process.
Steps in the Acrylic Bonding Process
I bet we can’t reiterate this fact enough;
Bonding acrylic is undoubtedly an inexpensive and simple technique.
The truth, however, is that making quality joints consistently needs a deeper understanding of numerous key process steps.
So it is always vital to have an idea of some of these key steps to enable you to execute the process effectively.
In this section, we want to look at these important steps briefly and they include the following;
1. Surface Preparation
This is the thing, of course, bonding acrylic, involves joining of two different surfaces.
So before you even think of joining these surfaces, you need to prepare them accordingly.
Ordinarily, most of the acrylic surfaces often have some form of residual contamination as a result of the molding process and operator handling.
So it is always vital to reduce contamination as it helps in increasing the wettability and material’s surface activation.
This way, it becomes easy for it to create a strong bond.
An ideal way of reducing contamination is always to use a recommended substance to clean the part surfaces.
And a suitable substance, in this case, would be isopropyl alcohol.
Nonetheless, you also need to know that you can use other advanced techniques in surface preparation such as plasma treatment.
In this instance, the process tends to increase the surface energy since it bombards the parts of the surface with gas ions and corona treatment.
So by the end of it all, the acrylic surface will be able to have an improved adhesive strength by exposing them to electrical discharge.
2. Application of the Substrate
Once you’re over with preparing the surface of the parts to join, the next thing to do is applying the adhesive you’re using for the process.
While at it, you need to ensure that you apply the solvent to cover the entire joint without leaving any excess.
The reason is that any excess would possibly affect the integrity of the bond or worse still, cause the joint to haze.
Once you finish applying the substrate, you also need to make sure that you clean off any residual substrate instantly.
Once more, you must ensure that you assemble all the pertinent parts while the surfaces are still relatively wet.
3. Ventilation and curing
Get this, ventilation and curing is arguably the most critical step in the bonding acrylic process.
It is a sensitive point or either making or breaking it.
So you must be careful especially when determining the suitable ventilation environment and the curing conditions.
In simple words, you must provide appropriate aeration and venting throughout the curing period.
This is the only ideal way of allowing the substrates to evaporate from the materials naturally.
But at the same time, you also need to be conscious of the fact that it can take up to about 24 hours for the solvent to evaporate completely.
The importance of this is that it helps in preventing stress cracking.
And at the same time, you must also ensure that you do not touch the completed joints until when the bonds are fully cured.
Well, this is also another important step that you should never overlook when bonding acrylic.
Incidentally, annealing can be helpful especially before bonding and assembling since it has a way of reducing possible development of residual cracks.
Also, you must ensure that you optimize the geometry of the joints that you’re bonding.
This is also helpful when it comes to reducing the risks associated with stress cracking, which is a common phenomenon if poorly checked.
5. Moisture control
When you get to this stage, it’s now a clear indication that you are almost over with the bonding acrylic process.
The need for regulating moisture in bonding acrylic process is vital in numerous ways.
But importantly, it helps in ensuring that the materials attain the right moisture suitable for creating a stronger bond.
Remember that moisture, or excess of it can substantively affect the integrity of the joints that you are bonding.
So essentially, these are the main steps in the overall bonding acrylic process.
A keen look at these steps gives you an indication of how each is important.
Therefore, you need to consider all of them with the greatest significance that they require.
Better still, I want also to give you some of the fundamental tips that you can integrate during the bonding acrylic process to attain the best results.
For that reason, let’s get straight to these tips without wasting much of time.
Best Tips for Bonding Acrylic
Here is the thing;
You could be an expert in undertaking bonding acrylic procedures, but the truth is that you also need more than the skill and knowledge.
What I mean here is that in some instances like this one, you need to incorporate a few ideas before, during and after the process.
These ideas help significantly in enhancing the efficiency in bonding acrylic and also enabling you to attain best results after all.
So let’s have a look at some of these tips and how best they can increase your chances of coming up with the best results in acrylic bonding.
1) Choose the most appropriate bonding substance
You see, we have different types of acrylic materials.
So in other words, you will require to use specific bonding solvents for a particular acrylic sheet.
What happens in this instance is that there are several products in the market that you can use for this purpose.
And that is the reason it becomes essential always to understand the most appropriate one for your bonding needs.
This will go a long way in making it possible for you to save on time, cost and eventually attain the best results nevertheless.
If you could be having possible challenges in selecting the bets bonding solvent, then it would be ideal to seek assistance from the experts in the industry.
2) Prepare the acrylic sheeting accordingly
As I did mention earlier on in the previous section, it is equally important to ensure that you prepare the acrylic sheet to meet the required standards.
It is this preparation that determines whether or not the bonding will be strong and durable.
So ensure that you do all that it takes to prepare the sheet accordingly.
It helps in making the overall work easy, fast and effective.
3) Check the compatibility of the bonding substance and acrylic material
Lie I have also mentioned in the above tip, acrylic sheets are different, and so is their compatibility with bonding solvents.
You need to check the properties of the specific materials you are bonding and determine whether or not it fits those of the substrate.
The essence of establishing the compatibility of bonding substrate and acrylic material is to enhance better and quality results.
4) Observe safety practices
Listen, this is always an important element not only in acrylic bonding but also in other aspects which revolve around fabrication.
In this case, observing safety precautions can be somehow broad.
So the best way of looking at this tip is by breaking it down further to get the understanding of the specifics safety measures.
And these measures include the following;
· Keep away all the bonding substrates from heat sources
This safety tip here is important in many ways.
One is that it prevents possible explosion of the solvent especially if it is prone to heat.
The net effect here is that it keeps everything within the surrounding from risks associated with fire.
Secondly, this tip also helps you in preventing any possibility of the solvents from abating, which can lead to weak bonds.
There is a way that high temperatures often lessen the agility of such solvents hence making them weak leading to poor quality bonds.
· Properly ventilate the workspace
This is also another critical safety tip that you need to enforce whenever you are bonding acrylic material.
What it simply means is that it would be ideal to make sure that your workspace is well aerated.
At the same time, you also need that there is sufficient space within the room to allow for free and easy movement from one position to another.
· Ensure that you wear a proper breathing apparatus
You see, when you’re bonding acrylic, the resultant reaction often emits some fume.
And this is why it is always necessary to make sure that you wear protective gears such as the breathing component.
This will prevent you from inhaling what would be sort of poisonous gas and at the same time enable you to regulate your breathing.
Eventually, you also realize that you will be efficient and the results will be desirable.
· Wear protective eyewear and rubber gloves
You also need to wear protective eyeglasses and rubber gloves whenever you’re undertaking this process.
All these protect your body from potential spillage or excessive overflowing of the bonding solvent.
And once you remain safe, you’ll equally have a peace of mind, which contributes immensely to unmatched concentration on the task.
· Store the materials away from children
This is also another major safety tip which you have to observe whenever you are bonding acrylic material.
Once you finish the process, it is always advisable to either discard the remaining materials, especially the solvents or keep them away from children’s reach.
The reason here is quite simple; some of these solvents are harmful and hence poses a threat to the wellbeing of a child.
It is also advisable to keep them away from children to prevent them from accessing the substrates and playing with the same.
5) Use suitable material during acrylic bonding
If you want to attain the best results in bonding acrylic, always ensure that you incorporate all the necessary materials.
You can determine the perfect material depending on the intensity of the work that you are doing.
So these are some of the critical tips that you can use whenever you are carrying out this type of plastic fabrication.
Applications of Acrylic Bonding
So far, you can tell from the information in this guide that bonding acrylic is indeed important in many aspects.
For that reason, it would also be ideal to figure out a few areas where the use of bonding acrylic is seemingly applicable.
So let’s have a look at the common applications;
· Medical apparatus
Most of the modern apparatus that medics use in the medical field incorporate acrylic bonding in one way or the other.
This happens because most of these products are joined to form a complete apparatus that would be able to provide desirable results.
And that’s why if you get to different medical institutions, you tend to see a number of machines that are quite huge and interconnected.
· Food containers
Most food manufacturing companies also use a wide range of plastic containers for packaging their products.
These plastic containers come in the form of several shapes and sizes, which is only attainable when you bond them.
Therefore, you will find that most of the food containers for commercial or domestic use are often manufactured using bonding of different parts.
· Store displays
For a long time now, many store owners have been using modified acrylic sheets for displaying their various products.
These materials help in making the products in such stores attractive hence visually appealing to the buyers.
Moreover, they create a tranquil ambiance within the store by blending appropriately with the products inside.
· Office signs
If you have been to a modern office, you will realize that most of the signs available are made of bonded acrylic materials.
This is essential because they create a visually appealing sign making it attractive and easy to know what it connotes.
And during the night, or in darkness, these signs glow which also enhances the overall good appearance of the office.
· Picture frames
Most picture frames without any doubt are nowadays made of bonded acrylic materials.
The reason for this is quite simple; to enhance the appearance of the pictures and attract the attention of the viewer.
This is also the same thing that happens with commercial billboards along the streets which in many instances also use this material.
· Building and construction
Modern construction incorporates a wide range of fabricated products and bonded acrylic materials also make this cut.
You’ll find that several parts of a building such as roofs and shower parts use this material.
They are majorly used in parts that provide light or those designed for visual enhancement in a building.
So these are some of the common applications of bonding acrylic products.
Of course, you can find more applications that I have not mentioned.
Well as you can see in this article, bonding acrylic involves quite a number of aspects.
Nonetheless, I am hopeful that you now have an idea of what it involves, its benefits as well as shortcomings.
Additionally, from the steps of bonding acrylic process and helpful tips, I’m certain that you can carry out this procedure effectively.
That notwithstanding, you can feel free to leave your comment, suggestion question or and additional information at the comment box below.
I will surely provide the necessary support accordingly!